Investigate the elements and processes of Canadian criminal law.
Indicators for this outcome
(a) Differentiate between elements of criminal law and civil law such as purpose, role of the courts, procedures, outcomes, enforcement of sanctions, onus and burden of proof.
(b) Discuss what constitutes a crime according to the Criminal Code of Canada (1985).
Courts and Legal System > Types of Disputes (CR1-a)
(c) Compare the types of offences (e.g., indictable, summary and hybrid) in the Criminal Code of Canada (1985) and identify in a variety of cases.
(d) Outline the different types of court jurisdictions in Canada and describe the anticipated progress of a criminal procedure through the Canadian courts.
(e) Analyze the roles and responsibilities of institutions (e.g., police, courts, judiciary, correctional system, legal and paralegal professionals, victim services, community-based justice organizations) within the criminal justice system.
The PLEA: Canada's Legal System: An Introduction (FL1-g, FL1-k, FL1-l)
Justice System > Police
Crimes and Fines > Police (CR1-k)
Justice System > Lawyers
Courts and Legal System > Lawyers
Courts and Legal System > Judges (FL1-l)
Justice System > Courts (CR1-d)
Think Local: The Police and Suicide from Albert Camus' The Plague: The Learning Resource (CR3-h)
(i) Identify factors to ensure the judicial process is fair to the accused (e.g., presumption of innocence, right to jury, trial of peers).
Blackstone’s Formulation and Chief Wiggum from The PLEA: The Simpsons and the Law (FL1-k)
Courts and Legal System > Jury Duty
Crimes and Fines > Criminal & Provincial Offences > Proof of Offences (CR1-k)
R. v Wyler Mock Trial Kit (CR1-d)
The PLEA: Mock Trials
(j) Examine the purpose and use of processes available in the Canadian justice system, including presentence reports, victim impact statements and restorative practices.
Victims > Victims of Crime > Criminal Trials > Impact Statements
Victims > Victims of Crime > Criminal Trials > If the Offender is Sentenced to Jail (CR1-l)
Victims > Victims of Crime > Criminal Trials > Sentencing (CR2-d, CR2-f)
Crimes & Fines > Criminal Court > Criminal Charges & Alternative Measures (CR1-k)
Hammurabi's Code: Was it Truly Justice? from The PLEA: Hammurabi's Code (FL1a, FL1-i)
Lesson 3.8: Conferences under the YCJA from Teaching Youth Justice (CR1-d, LT1-c)
(k) Model the process (e.g., investigation, arrest, voir dire, trial, sentencing, appeals) of a criminal procedure.
Crimes and Fines > Police (CR1-e)
Crimes and Fines > Criminal & Provincial Offences (CR1-i)
Crimes & Fines > Criminal Court (CR1-j)
Victims > Victims of Crime > Criminal Trials
Crime and Punishment: Marge in Chains from The PLEA: Learning About Law with The Simpsons (CR2-d)
(l) Differentiate between federal penitentiaries and provincial correctional facilities, including various levels of security within, length of sentence and programs available (e.g., substance abuse intervention, sex offender treatment, literacy development, work experience, treatment courts)