This issue of The PLEA has barely plunged into how the law relates to washrooms. Below are many of the sources used for this issue of The PLEA. Exploring some of them will help you further understand the law’s ever-present role in our lives. Check them out!
The Development of the Flushing Toilet
British bathroom fixture manufacturer Twyford Bathrooms developed this detailed timeline for the 400th anniversary of the flush toilet’s invention.
The Right to use the Bathroom and the Torts Involved When Forcing the Retention of Human Waste
Brian Pedigo’s research paper examines American legal precedents related to preventing people from using the bathroom.
The Cross-Dressing Case for Bathroom Equality
Jennifer Levi and Daniel Redman examine the discrimination transgendered people face when using public washrooms.
This Government of Saskatchewan pamphlet outlines the requirements for barrier-free washrooms.
The Great Stink of London: Sir Joseph Bazalgette and the Cleansing of the Victorian Metropolis
Stephen Halliday’s book examines the obstacles and successes that civil engineers, government, and citizens faced when constructing a sewage system for Victorian London.
The History Press, 2001
An Asbo in 14th Century Britain
This feature from the United Kingdom’s public broadcaster uses primary source documents to frame a discussion about historical sewage issues facing London.
Latrines and Cesspools of Mediaeval London
Ernest L. Sabine’s 1934 examination of official and private documents brings to light the history of private toilet facilities.
The History of Sanitary Sewers
This non-profit educational website provides history about the development of sewers over the past 5,500 years, including a wide array of outside links.