Translations of Hammurabi’s Code
Several translations of Hammurabi’s Code were examined for the writing of this resource. Most include thoughtful commentary on Hammurabi and his code of laws:
- Driver, G.R. and Miles, J.C. (1952). The Babylonian Laws: Legal Commentary. London: Oxford University Press. Find it at your library.
- Driver, G.R. and Miles, J.C. (1955). The Babylonian Laws: Transliterated Text, Translation, Philological Notes, Glossary. London: Oxford University Press. Find it at your library.
- Edwards, C. (1904). The Hammurabi Code. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press. Find it at your library.
- Harper, R.F. (1904). The Code of Hammurabi King of Babylon about 2250 BC. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press Callaghan and Company. Find it at the Online Library of Liberty: http://oll.libertyfund.org/tit...
- Johns, C.H.W. (1903). The Oldest Code of Laws in the World. Edinburgh, Scotland: T. & T. Clark. Find it at Project Gutenburg: www.gutenberg.org/files/17150/...
- King, L. W. (1915). The Code of Hammurabi. Find it at the Yale Law School Avalon Project: http://avalon.law.yale.edu/sub...
- Richardson, M.E.J. (2000). Hammurabi’s Laws: Text, Translation and Glossary. Sheffield, UK: Sheffield Academic Press. Find it at your library.
- Roth, M.T. (1997). Law Collections from Mesopotamia and Asia Minor. Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press. Find it at your library.
- Sommer, H.O. (1903). The Laws of Hammurabi, King of Babylonia. Records of the Past, 2(3). 66-96. Find it at: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki...
Hammurabi’s Code at the Louvre
The Louvre Curatorial Department has an online exhibit of the stele containing Hammurabi’s Code. Find it at www.louvre.fr/en/oeuvre-notice...
Hammurabi’s Code and Mosaic Law
Though the accepted wisdom generally has been that Mosaic Law was developed independently of Hammurabi’s Code, David Wright’s recent book Inventing God’s Law: How the Covenant Code of the Bible used and Revised the Laws of Hammurabi has re-opened this debate. Find it at your library.
Jack Sasson’s chapter “King Hammurabi of Babylon” in the Hendrickson Publishers anthology Civilizations of the Ancient Near East provides an easy-to-understand introduction to the life of Hammurabi. Find it at your library.